What are germs?
Germs are found all over the world, in all kinds of places. Germs are tiny organisms, or living things, that can cause disease. They are so tiny and sneaky you can’t even see them. They can enter our bodies without being noticed. When they get on our hands and on other parts of our bodies they can make us sick!
What do germs do?
Once germs invade our bodies, they can settle in for a long stay. They eat up nutrients and energy and can produce toxins, which are like poisons. Those toxins can cause symptoms of common infections, like fever, sniffles, rashes,coughing, vomiting and diarrhea.
Doctors are able to find out what germs are living in your body and making you sick. They look at samples of blood or other fluids under a microscope or send the samples to a laboratory.
How do you fight germs?
Most germs spread through the air when someone sneezes, coughs, yells or sings. Some pass from person to person by touching something that is contaminated, like shaking hands with someone or sharing items such as pens, cell phones and water bottles.
Remember to always
- Wash your hands with soap and water
- Cough or sneeze into your sleeve or tissue
- Toss tissues in trash after use and wash hands
- Use antibacterial gel when soap is not available