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  • Ebola Virus Disease

    Updated Oct. 28, 2022


    What is Ebola? Risk, Transmission, & Symptoms

    • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF), is a severe, often fatal illness in humans

    • The virus requires transmission through direct contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person, and exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected body fluids

    • The viruses that cause Ebola are often spread through families and friends because they come in close contact with infectious body fluids when caring for ill persons

    • Exposure to Ebola can occur in health care settings where staff are not wearing appropriate protective equipment, such as masks, gowns, and gloves or using appropriate infection control measures.

    • Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola virus though 8-10 days is most common

    • Signs and symptoms may include: fever, rash, joint and muscle aches, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, rash, sore throat, cough, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing and bleeding inside and outside of the body

    Resources for the Public

    Ebola Virus Disease Questions and Answers
    Is it Flu or Ebola?
    Talking with Kids About Ebola
    "What's New" - Ebola Response Updates
    Information for Travelers
    Travel Notices: Ebola in Uganda
    Is it COVID-19 or Ebola?

    Resources for Healthcare Providers

    Testing | ADHS | CDC guidance

    Hospital Preparedness Checklist
    Outpatient Facility Preparedness Checklist
    Patient Travel Evaluation Alogrithm
    Screening Patients
    911 Operator Guidance
    Lab Guidance for Hospitals

    Links to More Information

    Arizona Department of Health Services Ebola Webpage
    Centers for Disease Control Ebola Webpage
    World Health Organization (WHO) Ebola Webpage

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