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COVID-19 What to do if You're Sick

If you test positive for COVID-19...

  • Stay at home, except to get essential medical care. 
  • Do not go to work, school, or other places.
  • Do not use public transportation.
  • Separate yourself from others in your home, as much as possible. Stay in a separate room and use a separate bathroom, if possible.
  • Wear a mask inside your home. 
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Do not share household items like dishes, bedding, remote controls, etc.
  • Clean high-touch surfaces like tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, phones, keyboards, etc. daily.
  • Cancel all non-essential medical appointments and call ahead to the provider if you have essential appointments. 
  • Monitor your symptoms and seek medical care if your illness worsens.
    • Before going to an appointment, call and tell them you have COVID-19.
If someone in your family tests positive for COVID-19, keep the entire household at home and refer to the Guidance for Persons Under Investigation and Household Contacts

If you're sick...

And you think you have COVID-19, find a testing site or call your medical provider for an assessment. Symptoms of COVID-19 may include:

  • Fever of chills
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headache
  • New loss of taste or smell
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea

If you develop emergency warning signs for COVID-19, get medical attention immediately.

Emergency warning signs include*:

  • Difficulty getting enough air
  • Chest pain
  • Change in alertness or responsiveness
  • Bluish lips or face
  • Rapid breathing

*This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning.

Monoclonal antibody treatment

Monoclonal antibody treatment (mAB) may be a good option for people who meet certain criteria, to help strengthen their immune system, and fight off COVID-19.


Quarantine Guidelines

Do fully vaccinated people still need to quarantine after exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19?


People are considered fully vaccinated if it has been:
  • 2 weeks after the second dose of a 2-dose vaccine series, like Pfizer or Moderna, or
  • 2 weeks after the single dose vaccine, like Johnson & Johnson
Fully vaccinated people without symptoms do not need to quarantine, but the CDC recommends that they receive a COVID-19 test 3-5 days after exposure to someone with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, and they should continue to wear a mask in public indoor settings for 14 days after exposure or until they receive a negative test result. They should also watch for symptoms for 2 weeks following an exposure.

A fully vaccinated person who receives a positive test result, or later develops COVID-19 symptoms, should isolate themselves from others and be evaluated for COVID-19 by a healthcare provider.

The number of days that a person should stay home and away from others depends on their symptoms, test results and severity of illness, or if they're severely immunocompromised. Below are the guidelines for various scenarios. 

If symptomatic and tested positive:

  • At least 24 hours have passed since last fever without the use of medicine that reduces fevers; AND
  • Other symptoms have improved (for example, any cough, sore throat, stuffy nose, etc.); AND
  • At least 10 days have passed since symptoms began.
  • If symptomatic and tested negative:

  • At least 24 hours have passed since last fever without the use of medicine that reduces fevers; AND
  • Other symptoms have improved.
  • People with a known ​close contact​ with a confirmed COVID-19 case should ​quarantine​ for 14 days from their last exposure to the case. See If you had close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case section below for further guidance.
  • If symptomatic and awaiting test results:

  • Stay home and away from others until results are available. If results are delayed, follow guidance for symptomatic and tested positive. Once you receive your results, follow the recommendations based on results.
  • People with a known ​close contact​ with a confirmed COVID-19 case should ​quarantine​ for 14 days from their last exposure to the case. See If you had close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case section below for further guidance.
  • If symptomatic and have not been tested:

  • At least 10 days* have passed since symptoms first appeared; AND
  • At least 24 hours have passed since last fever without the use of medicine that reduces fevers; AND
  • Other symptoms have improved.
  • People with a known ​close contact​ with a confirmed COVID-19 case should ​quarantine​ for 14 days from their last exposure to the case. See If you had close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case section below for further guidance.
  • If asymptomatic and tested positive:

  • At least 10 days have passed since specimen collection of the first positive. 
  • If symptoms develop, follow guidance for symptomatic and tested positive for COVID-19.
  • If asymptomatic and tested negative:

  • No isolation is required. Take everyday precautions to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
  • People with a known ​close contact​ with a confirmed COVID-19 case should ​quarantine​ for 14 days from their last exposure to the case. See If you had close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case section below for further guidance.
  • If asymptomatic and awaiting test results:

  • No isolation is required. Take everyday precautions to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Once results are available, follow recommendations based on results.
  • People with a known ​close contact​ with a confirmed COVID-19 case should ​quarantine​ for 14 days from their last exposure to the case. See If you had close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case section below for further guidance.
  • If you've had *severe/critical illness from COVID-19 or are **severely immunocompromised:

    If symptomatic, stay home and away from others until:
    • At least 20 days have passed since symptoms first appeared; AND 
    • At least 24 hours have passed since last fever without the use of medicine that reduces fevers; AND
    • Other symptoms have improved.
    If asymptomatic, stay home and away from others until:
    • At least 20 days have passed since specimen collection of the first COVID-19 test while asymptomatic. If symptoms develop, follow guidance for symptomatic and tested positive for COVID-19. 

    * Severe/critical illness means the person was admitted to the intensive care unit.
    ** Severely immunocompromised means the person has:

    • Been taking chemotherapy for cancer recently;
    • HIV and a CD4 t-cell count <200;
    • An immunodeficiency disorder;
    • Been taking high-dose steroids (such as prednisone 20 mg/day for > 14 days); or
    • Another condition that a healthcare provider has told them makes them severely immunocompromised.

    If you had close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case:

    A person who had known close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case should quarantine for 14 days from their last exposure to the case. However, individuals may be eligible for the acceptable options to shorten quarantine outlined below. Individuals may use the alternatives only if the following conditions are met:
    • quarantine chartIndividual does not live in a congregate setting; AND
    • No clinical evidence of COVID-19 has been elicited by daily symptom monitoring during the entirety of quarantine up to the time at which quarantine discontinued; AND
    • Daily symptom monitoring continues through quarantine day 14; AND
    • Strict adherence to all recommended non-pharmaceutical interventions (e.g., correct and consistent mask use, physical distancing) continues through quarantine day 14.
    If symptoms develop, the individual should immediately self-isolate.

    Options to Shorten Quarantine

    The following options to shorten quarantine are acceptable alternatives if the conditions outlined above are met:
    • 10-Day Quarantine Period: Quarantine can end on day 11 without testing only if there were no symptoms observed during daily monitoring. Continue to monitor for symptoms until day 14.
    • 7-Day Quarantine Period: Quarantine can end on day 8 if a PCR or antigen test is negative AND there are no symptoms during daily monitoring. The test may be performed on day 5, 6 or 7, but not sooner. If the test is negative, quarantine can end on day 8 with continued daily monitoring for symptoms until day 14. 




    ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
    Guidance for PUI and Household Contacts - if you have or suspect you have COVID-19 and for anyone who lives with someone who has or is suspected to have COVID-19.
    Guidance on Ending Isolation (PDF) - if you've been isolating, when you can return to normal activities.
    See the Glossary of Terms for definitions on various COVID-19 terms referenced throughout this guidance. 

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    Tucson, AZ 85714

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