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The expedition consisted of Anza, 3 Franciscan priests and their servants, a commissary, a lieutenant, a sergeant, 28 soldiers, the wives of the sergeant and soldiers, 136 colonists (men, women, and children), 20 muleteers, 3 vaqueros (cowboys), and three Indian interpreters. In addition, there were 695 horses and mules, and 355 beef cattle. There were no wheeled conveyances of any kind. Everyone either walked or rode horses or mules on their five-month journey to San Francisco.

composition of the expedition